Tutorial: Deploy ElasticSearch on VPS?

8 minutes read

Deploying Elasticsearch on a Virtual Private Server (VPS) allows you to set up a powerful and scalable search engine for your applications. Elasticsearch is a distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine built on top of Apache Lucene.

To deploy Elasticsearch on a VPS, follow these steps:

  1. Choose a VPS provider: Select a reliable VPS provider that suits your requirements and budget. Popular choices include DigitalOcean, Linode, and AWS EC2.
  2. Create a VPS: Sign up for an account with your chosen provider and create a new VPS instance. Ensure that you select a suitable operating system (such as Ubuntu or CentOS) and allocate enough resources like CPU, RAM, and disk space.
  3. SSH into your VPS: Connect to your VPS via SSH using tools like PuTTY (for Windows) or the Terminal (for macOS and Linux). Use your provider's provided credentials to log in securely.
  4. Update system packages: Run the following commands to update the system packages on your VPS:
sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

For CentOS, use yum instead of apt.

  1. Install Java: Elasticsearch requires Java to run. Install the relevant Java Development Kit (JDK) on your VPS. For example, on Ubuntu, you can install OpenJDK using the following command:
sudo apt install openjdk-11-jdk

Again, adjust the command based on your operating system.

  1. Download and install Elasticsearch: Visit the Elasticsearch download page (https://www.elastic.co/downloads/elasticsearch) and copy the link to the latest stable version. Use wget to download the package directly on your VPS. For example:
wget https://artifacts.elastic.co/downloads/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-7.15.0-linux-x86_64.tar.gz

  1. Extract the downloaded package: Use the following command to extract the downloaded Elasticsearch package:
tar -xf elasticsearch-7.15.0-linux-x86_64.tar.gz

  1. Configure Elasticsearch: Navigate to the extracted Elasticsearch directory and modify the configuration file (elasticsearch.yml). For example:
cd elasticsearch-7.15.0
nano config/elasticsearch.yml

Configure settings like the cluster name, network host, and other specific options based on your requirements.

  1. Start Elasticsearch: Run the following command to start Elasticsearch:

Ensure that Elasticsearch is running without any errors.

  1. Access Elasticsearch: By default, Elasticsearch runs on port 9200. You can access it via a web browser or using tools like cURL or Postman. For example:
curl -X GET http://localhost:9200

You should see a JSON response containing information about your Elasticsearch cluster.

That's it! You have successfully deployed Elasticsearch on your VPS. You can now integrate it into your applications and take advantage of its powerful search capabilities. Make sure to configure security measures and consider additional optimization techniques depending on your use case.

Best Cloud Hosting Providers of 2024


Rating is 5 out of 5


  • Ultra-fast Intel Core
  • Low Price and High Quality
  • High Performance and Cheap Cloud Dedicated Servers
Digital Ocean

Rating is 4.9 out of 5

Digital Ocean

  • Active Digital Community
  • Simple To Use
  • Starting as low as 5$ per month

Rating is 4.8 out of 5



Rating is 4.7 out of 5


How to install ElasticSearch on VPS?

To install Elasticsearch on a VPS, you can follow the steps below:

  1. Connect to your VPS: Login to your VPS using SSH or any other remote connection tool.
  2. Update the system: Run the following command to update the system packages to their latest versions: sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
  3. Install Java: Elasticsearch requires Java to run. Install OpenJDK using the following command: sudo apt install openjdk-11-jdk
  4. Add the Elasticsearch repository: Elasticsearch provides official packages that make it easier to install and manage. Add the repository by running the following commands: wget -qO - https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch | sudo apt-key add - sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https echo "deb https://artifacts.elastic.co/packages/7.x/apt stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elastic-7.x.list
  5. Update the package index: sudo apt update
  6. Install Elasticsearch: Run the following command to install Elasticsearch: sudo apt install elasticsearch
  7. Configure Elasticsearch: Open the Elasticsearch configuration file using a text editor: sudo nano /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml
  8. Configure the network settings: Uncomment the network.host line and set it to localhost or the IP address of your VPS if you want to access Elasticsearch remotely: network.host: localhost
  9. Save and exit the file.
  10. Start and enable Elasticsearch:
sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch
sudo systemctl start elasticsearch

  1. Verify the installation: Check the status of Elasticsearch to ensure it is running:
sudo systemctl status elasticsearch

If Elasticsearch is running, you have successfully installed it on your VPS. You can now use it for your search and analytics needs.

What is the mapping in ElasticSearch?

In ElasticSearch, a mapping is a way to define and manage the schema of documents in an index. It determines how fields within the documents are stored and indexed, which allows for efficient search and retrieval of data.

A mapping includes the following components:

  1. Field datatypes: Each field in ElasticSearch is assigned a datatype, such as text, keyword, number, date, boolean, etc. This defines how the field values are stored and indexed, enabling different types of queries.
  2. Field options: Various options can be specified for each field, such as whether it is searchable, analyzable (for text fields), or stored (for retrieval purposes).
  3. Field analyzers: Analyzers define how text fields are processed during indexing and searching. They can break text into terms, perform stemming, lowercasing, tokenization, etc.
  4. Field mappings: Mapping also allows defining multi-fields, arrays, and nested objects, enabling complex data structures.

By default, ElasticSearch automatically creates mappings based on the documents being indexed. However, it is often recommended to explicitly define mappings in advance to ensure proper indexing and searching behavior.

What is the purpose of analyzers in ElasticSearch?

The purpose of analyzers in ElasticSearch is to process and normalize textual data during the indexing and querying process.

Analyzers are responsible for performing three main tasks:

  1. Character filtering: They help in removing or replacing specific characters or patterns from the text before further processing. For example, HTML tags, special characters, or punctuation marks are often removed using character filters.
  2. Tokenization: Analyzers split the text into individual words or tokens based on certain rules. For example, a space or a punctuation mark might be considered as a delimiter to separate words.
  3. Token filtering: Token filters modify or transform individual tokens to enhance search efficiency and accuracy. These filters can perform operations such as lowercasing, stemming, removing stopwords (common words like 'the', 'is', etc.), or applying synonyms.

Overall, analyzers ensure that the textual data is broken down into normalized and searchable form, which is then stored in the inverted index of ElasticSearch. This enables efficient searching and matches against the indexed documents.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Whatsapp Pocket

Related Posts:

To implement a custom search functionality with Elasticsearch in WordPress, you would need to follow these steps:Install and Configure Elasticsearch: Start by installing Elasticsearch on your server or use a managed service. Configure Elasticsearch by adjustin...
Sure! Here's a brief explanation of how to deploy Microweber on VPS without the list items:To deploy Microweber on a VPS (Virtual Private Server), you can follow these steps:Choose a VPS provider: Find a reliable VPS provider that meets your requirements a...
Running ElasticSearch on Hostinger is a relatively simple process. Here is how you can do it:Start by logging into your Hostinger account and accessing your hosting control panel.Look for the "Advanced" section and click on it.In the advanced section, ...
To publish a Zabbix server on a VPS (Virtual Private Server), follow these steps:Provision a VPS: Sign up for a VPS hosting service and create a new virtual server. Ensure that the VPS meets the minimum system requirements for running Zabbix. Connect to the VP...
To quickly deploy Symfony on a VPS (Virtual Private Server), you can follow these steps:Choose a VPS provider: Select a VPS provider that meets your requirements and budget. Popular options include DigitalOcean, AWS, Linode, and Vultr. Set up the VPS: Create a...
To run Drupal on a VPS (Virtual Private Server), you need to follow certain steps:Choose a VPS hosting provider: Select a reliable hosting provider that supports Drupal and offers VPS services. Ensure they provide the necessary server resources, such as disk s...