How to Create A WooCommerce Product Programmatically?

14 minutes read

Creating a WooCommerce product programmatically involves using code to automate the process. Here's a step-by-step guide to help you develop it:

  1. Install and set up WooCommerce: Ensure that you have the WooCommerce plugin installed and activated on your WordPress site.
  2. Set up the necessary files: Create a new PHP file where you will write the code for creating the product programmatically.
  3. Include the WooCommerce functions: To access the WooCommerce functions and classes, include the following lines at the beginning of your PHP file:
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require_once(ABSPATH . 'wp-load.php');
require_once(WP_PLUGIN_DIR . '/woocommerce/woocommerce.php');


  1. Define the product details: Before creating the product, define the desired attributes such as title, description, price, SKU, and product category. Assign these values to variables.
  2. Create a new product object: Instantiate a new WC_Product object using the wc_create_product() function.
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$new_product = wc_create_product();


  1. Set the product attributes: Use various setter methods to assign the previously defined values to the product object.
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$new_product->set_name($product_title);
$new_product->set_description($product_description);
$new_product->set_price($product_price);
$new_product->set_sku($product_sku);
$new_product->set_category_ids($product_category_ids);


  1. Save the product: Call the save() method on the product object to save it to the WooCommerce database.
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$new_product->save();


  1. Handle product variations (if required): If your product has variations, you can create and add them programmatically using the WC_Product_Variable class and its related functions. Assign these variations to the main product using the set_children() method.
  2. Optional: Set product images, stock status, and additional attributes: If desired, use appropriate functions to set product images, stock status, and any additional attributes.
  3. Complete the code: Add any required additional code, including error handling, if necessary.
  4. Run the code: Save the PHP file and execute it either by calling it from another script or by accessing its URL directly. Ensure that you have appropriate permissions to execute the code.


By following these steps, you can create WooCommerce products programmatically, allowing you to automate the product creation process according to your specific needs.

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What programming languages can be used to create a WooCommerce product programmatically?

To create a WooCommerce product programmatically, you can use the following programming languages:

  1. PHP: WooCommerce is built on top of WordPress, which is primarily written in PHP. Therefore, PHP is the most commonly used language for creating WooCommerce products programmatically. You can use the WooCommerce REST API or the WooCommerce PHP library to interact with the WooCommerce system and create products.
  2. JavaScript: WooCommerce provides a RESTful API that you can access using JavaScript. You can use frameworks such as Node.js or libraries like Axios or JQuery to make HTTP requests to the WooCommerce API and create products.
  3. Python: If you prefer using Python, you can utilize the WooCommerce API client libraries available for Python. For example, the "WooCommerce" library is a Python wrapper for the WooCommerce REST API, allowing you to create products programmatically.
  4. Ruby: Ruby also has libraries like "woocommerce_api" available that provide a convenient way to interact with the WooCommerce REST API. You can use Ruby to programmatically create WooCommerce products using these libraries.
  5. Java: There are Java libraries available, like "woocommerce-java-client," that provide a way to interact with the WooCommerce API. This allows you to create products programmatically in a Java-based application.
  6. C#: If you prefer using C#, libraries like "WooCommerce.NET" provide a C# wrapper for the WooCommerce REST API. You can use this library to create products programmatically in a .NET-based application.


These programming languages offer different libraries, wrappers, or clients to interact with the WooCommerce API, allowing you to create products programmatically based on your preferred language.


Do I need any specific programming skills to create a WooCommerce product programmatically?

Yes, you will need programming skills to create a WooCommerce product programmatically. WooCommerce is built on top of WordPress, so having knowledge of PHP, WordPress development, and WooCommerce REST API will be beneficial.


To create a product programmatically, you will need to use WordPress hooks and filters, along with WooCommerce API functions to interact with the WooCommerce database and create the product. You may also need to work with custom post types, taxonomies, and metadata associated with the WooCommerce product.


Basic knowledge of programming concepts, such as dealing with variables, arrays, loops, conditional statements, and data manipulation, is essential. Additionally, knowledge of how to authenticate and make API requests will be required to interact with the WooCommerce API.


Overall, having a good understanding of PHP, WordPress development, and WooCommerce API will enable you to create a WooCommerce product programmatically.


What is WooCommerce?

WooCommerce is a free WordPress plugin that allows users to transform their website into an online store. It provides various features and functionalities to help businesses sell products or services online, including inventory management, payment processing, shipping options, reporting, and marketing tools. WooCommerce is highly customizable and offers a wide range of extensions and themes to enhance the online store's appearance and functionality.

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Can you briefly explain how WooCommerce works?

WooCommerce is a popular open-source plugin for WordPress that enables users to create and manage online stores. It adds e-commerce functionality to a WordPress website, allowing users to sell products or services online.


Here's a brief overview of how WooCommerce works:

  1. Installation and Setup: Install the WooCommerce plugin on your WordPress site. Then, follow the setup wizard to configure basic store settings such as currency, shipping options, payment gateways, and tax settings.
  2. Product Creation: Add your products to the store by providing details like title, description, images, pricing, stock availability, and other specifications. You can organize products into categories and assign tags to make them easily discoverable.
  3. Store Customization: Customize the appearance of your online store by selecting from various pre-designed themes or by modifying the CSS and HTML code. WooCommerce also offers a range of extensions and plugins to enhance functionality and design.
  4. Shopping Cart and Checkout Process: Customers can browse your products, add items to their shopping cart, and proceed to the checkout page. They can input billing and shipping information, select preferred shipping methods, and apply any available coupon codes.
  5. Payment Integration: WooCommerce supports integration with numerous payment gateways like PayPal, Stripe, Authorize.net, and more. Depending on your preferences and location, you can choose the appropriate payment options for your customers.
  6. Order Management: WooCommerce lets you manage and fulfill orders efficiently. You can view and process orders, generate invoices, print shipping labels, update order status, and send order-related notifications to customers.
  7. Additional Features: WooCommerce provides various additional features such as inventory management, tax calculation, customer reviews, coupons, upselling and cross-selling options, product variations, and more.
  8. Plugins and Extensions: You can extend the functionality of WooCommerce by integrating numerous third-party plugins and extensions, allowing you to add features like analytics, social media integration, email marketing, live chat, and many others.
  9. Performance and Security: WooCommerce ensures the security of your online store by regularly releasing updates, patches, and bug fixes. It is scalable, reliable, and can handle large volumes of traffic, ensuring a smooth shopping experience for your customers.


Overall, WooCommerce offers an extensive and flexible platform for setting up and running an e-commerce store, allowing businesses of all sizes to create a robust online presence.


How can I set up cross-sell and upsell products programmatically?

To set up cross-sell and upsell products programmatically, follow these general steps:

  1. Access your eCommerce platform's API or programming interface. Most popular platforms like Shopify, WooCommerce, Magento, etc., provide APIs to programmatically manage products.
  2. Identify the products you want to set as cross-sell or upsell products. Cross-sell products are typically related or complementary to the main product, while upsell products are upgrades with higher value or features.
  3. Retrieve the main product's information by querying the API using its unique identifier (e.g., SKU or product ID). Ensure you have the necessary product details.
  4. Use the API to modify the product and add the cross-sell or upsell product information. The API should provide methods to add related products or specify the upsell relationships.
  5. For cross-selling, include the related product(s) along with the main product's details. This could be done by specifying an array or list of related product IDs or SKUs, depending on the platform's API requirements.
  6. For upselling, define the higher-value product(s) that can serve as upgrades. Again, the API should have specific methods to establish the upsell relationships between products. Provide the necessary information such as product IDs, names, or SKUs.
  7. Save or update the main product to apply the changes made to cross-sell or upsell products.
  8. Test the setup by retrieving the main product's details again through the API and verify that the related or upsell products are correctly associated.


Ensure you review the API documentation and guidelines specific to your eCommerce platform to have a clearer understanding of the available methods and data format for setting up cross-sell and upsell products programmatically.

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