How to Launch CodeIgniter on Hosting?

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To launch CodeIgniter on hosting, follow these steps:

  1. Download CodeIgniter: Begin by downloading the latest version of CodeIgniter from the official website ( Extract the downloaded archive on your local machine.
  2. Upload Files: Connect to your hosting server using an FTP client (e.g., FileZilla). Navigate to the root directory of your hosting account. Upload all the extracted CodeIgniter files to the server's root directory.
  3. Configure Database: CodeIgniter requires database configuration to function correctly. Open the "application/config/database.php" file. Modify the database settings according to your hosting provider's specifications. Provide the database hostname, username, password, and database name.
  4. Set Base URL: Open the "application/config/config.php" file. Set the $config['base_url'] variable to the URL of your CodeIgniter installation. For example: $config['base_url'] = '';.
  5. Enable Index.php Removal (optional): CodeIgniter URLs typically include "index.php" in them. If you want to remove it for better aesthetics and SEO purposes, create or modify the ".htaccess" file in the root directory. Add the following code to it:
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php/$1 [L]

  1. Test Installation: Open a web browser and visit your CodeIgniter installation URL. If everything is set up correctly, you should see the default CodeIgniter welcome page.

You have now successfully launched CodeIgniter on your hosting. You can start building your application by creating controllers, models, and views within the "application" directory.

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What is the routing priority in CodeIgniter and how does it work?

In CodeIgniter, routing priority determines the order in which routes are matched. The routing system in CodeIgniter allows you to define URL routing rules, which map URLs to controllers and methods.

The routing priority is determined by the order in which routes are defined in the route configuration file. CodeIgniter will go through each route definition one by one, in the order they are defined, and stop as soon as it finds a match.

When a request is made to the server, CodeIgniter's routing system will compare the requested URL against the defined routes from top to bottom. If a match is found, the corresponding controller and method specified in the route definition will be called to handle the request.

It's important to define routes with different URL patterns in a specific order to ensure the desired behavior. Routes are usually defined starting from the most specific to the most general ones. This is because CodeIgniter will stop at the first match it finds, so if a more general route is defined before a specific one, the specific route may never be matched.

For example, consider the following routes defined in the route configuration file:

$route['products/shoes'] = 'catalog/shoes';
$route['products/:any'] = 'catalog/products/$1';

In this case, if the URL is "products/shoes", CodeIgniter will match the first route and call the "catalog/shoes" controller and method. However, if the URL is "products/socks", CodeIgniter will not find a direct match, so it will move to the next route definition and match the second one, calling the "catalog/products" controller and passing "socks" as a parameter.

By properly ordering the route definitions, you can control how URLs are mapped to controllers and methods in your CodeIgniter application.

What are hooks in CodeIgniter and how to use them?

In CodeIgniter, hooks are specific points in the execution workflow of an application where certain functionalities can be added by the user. Hooks allow you to modify or extend the core functionality of CodeIgniter without directly modifying the core files.

Hooks in CodeIgniter can be used for various purposes like modifying the output, adding pre/post processing, performing authentication checks, etc.

To use hooks in CodeIgniter, you need to follow these steps:

  1. Enable Hooks: Open the application/config/config.php file and set $config['enable_hooks'] to TRUE.
  2. Define Hooks: Open the application/config/hooks.php file. It contains an array named $hook which defines the available hooks and their corresponding actions. Each hook is defined as an associative array with three main elements: pre_controller: This hook is called immediately prior to any controller being called. post_controller: This hook is called immediately after your controller is called. post_system: This hook is called just after the final rendering process. You can define multiple actions for each hook. Actions are defined as an associative array with the following elements: class: The name of the class or object containing the method to be called. function: The name of the method to be called. filename: The filename of the class or object (optional).
  3. Implement Actions: Define the classes and methods referenced in the hook definitions. You can create a custom class or use an existing class. If using an existing class, make sure it's autoloaded or loaded in the required controller.

Once you have defined the hooks and implemented the actions, CodeIgniter will automatically call the specified actions at the defined points in the execution workflow.

Note: Hooks should be used judiciously as they can significantly affect the performance and maintainability of an application.

What is the best way to handle database transactions in CodeIgniter?

In CodeIgniter, the best way to handle database transactions is to use the built-in database class and its transaction methods. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to handle database transactions in CodeIgniter:

  1. Load the database library: Make sure the database library is loaded in your controller or model by loading it in the constructor or using the autoload.php configuration file.
  2. Start a transaction: To start a new transaction, use the trans_start() method of the database class. This will begin the transaction and disable auto-commit.

  1. Execute your database queries: Perform your database operations using the CodeIgniter query builder or direct SQL queries.
$this->db->insert('table_name', $data);

  1. Check for errors: After each query, you should check for any database errors using the $this->db->error() method. If any errors occur, you can call the $this->db->trans_rollback() method to roll back the transaction.
if ($this->db->error()) {
    // Handle the error

  1. Commit the transaction: If all the queries are successful, you can commit the transaction using the $this->db->trans_commit() method.

  1. Handle transaction completion: You can check the transaction status using the $this->db->trans_status() method. If it returns true, the transaction was successful. Otherwise, you can call $this->db->trans_rollback() to undo the changes.
if ($this->db->trans_status() === FALSE) {
    // Handle the transaction failure
} else {
    // Handle the transaction success

Remember to always close the transaction, either by explicitly calling $this->db->trans_complete() or by relying on the automatic closing mechanism.


By following these steps, you can handle database transactions effectively in CodeIgniter, ensuring the integrity and consistency of your data.

What is the default database configuration in CodeIgniter?

In CodeIgniter, the default database configuration is set in the application/config/database.php file. The default configuration includes the following settings:

  • $db['default']['hostname']: The hostname or IP address of the database server.
  • $db['default']['username']: The username used to connect to the database.
  • $db['default']['password']: The password used to connect to the database.
  • $db['default']['database']: The name of the database.
  • $db['default']['dbdriver']: The database driver to be used. The default driver is usually set to 'mysqli' for MySQL databases.
  • $db['default']['dbprefix']: An optional prefix that can be added to table names.
  • $db['default']['pconnect']: Specifies whether to use a persistent database connection or not. By default, it is set to FALSE.
  • $db['default']['db_debug']: Specifies whether to display database errors or not. By default, it is set to FALSE.
  • $db['default']['cache_on']: Specifies whether to enable query caching or not. By default, it is set to FALSE.

These are the default settings, but they can be modified based on the specific database configuration required for the application.

How to load a helper in CodeIgniter?

To load a helper in CodeIgniter, you can use the following steps:

  1. Open the controller file where you want to use the helper.
  2. Inside the controller's constructor or any desired method, call the helper() function and pass the name of the helper as a parameter. For example, if you want to load the url helper, you can use the following code:

  1. After loading the helper, you can directly use the functions defined in that helper. For example, if you loaded the url helper, you can use the base_url() function like this:
$url = base_url();

That's it! You have successfully loaded a helper in CodeIgniter and can now use its functions in your controller.

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