Installing Zabbix Server on DigitalOcean?

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Installing Zabbix server on DigitalOcean involves several steps. Here is a simplified guide without list items:

  1. Sign up for a DigitalOcean account and create a droplet (a virtual machine) with your preferred specifications.
  2. Once the droplet is created, log in to the droplet using SSH (Secure Shell) from your local machine.
  3. Update the package list on the droplet by running the following command: sudo apt update
  4. Install the required packages: sudo apt install apache2 mysql-server mysql-client php libapache2-mod-php php-mbstring php-gd php-xml php-bcmath php-ldap php-mysql php-xmlwriter php-zip
  5. Start the Apache web server: sudo systemctl start apache2
  6. Install Zabbix repository key: wget
  7. Install the downloaded package: sudo dpkg -i zabbix-release_5.4-1+ubuntu20.04_all.deb
  8. Update the package list again: sudo apt update
  9. Install Zabbix server, frontend, and agent packages: sudo apt install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-frontend-php zabbix-apache-conf zabbix-agent
  10. Configure the Zabbix database: Log in to MySQL as the root user: sudo mysql -u root -p Create a new database and user for Zabbix: CREATE DATABASE zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON zabbix.* TO 'zabbix'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT;
  11. Import the initial schema and data to the database: sudo zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/create.sql.gz | sudo mysql -u zabbix -p zabbix
  12. Edit the Zabbix server configuration file: sudo nano /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
  13. Update the database connection settings: Uncomment and modify the DBHost, DBName, DBUser, and DBPassword parameters to match the created database details.
  14. Restart the Zabbix server and agent processes: sudo systemctl restart zabbix-server zabbix-agent apache2
  15. Access the Zabbix web interface by entering your droplet's IP address in a web browser.
  16. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the setup, providing database details and setting up an administrative account.

That's it! You have successfully installed Zabbix server on DigitalOcean. You can now configure monitoring and manage your infrastructure using Zabbix.

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What is the purpose of configuring email notifications in Zabbix server?

The purpose of configuring email notifications in Zabbix server is to receive automated alerts and notifications regarding the status and health of the monitored system or application. By configuring email notifications, users can promptly be informed about any critical issues, service disruptions, performance degradation, or system failures. This allows them to quickly respond and take appropriate actions to resolve the problems and ensure the smooth operation of their infrastructure. Email notifications help in improving the overall system monitoring, troubleshooting, and maintenance processes by providing timely updates and alerts to the concerned parties.

What is the Zabbix API and how to use it for automation on DigitalOcean?

The Zabbix API is a set of methods and procedures for interacting with the Zabbix monitoring system programmatically. It allows you to automate various tasks in Zabbix, such as managing hosts, templates, items, triggers, and more.

To use the Zabbix API for automation on DigitalOcean, you need to follow these steps:

  1. Install Zabbix: Set up a Zabbix monitoring server on a DigitalOcean droplet by following the installation guide provided by Zabbix.
  2. Obtain API credentials: In the Zabbix web interface, navigate to "Administration" > "Users" and create a new user with appropriate permissions for automation tasks. Take note of the API username and password.
  3. Test the API: Use a tool like cURL or Postman to make a simple API call to verify connectivity. For example, you can retrieve the Zabbix API version by sending a GET request to http://your_zabbix_server/api_jsonrpc.php with the following payload:
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "method": "apiinfo.version",
  "params": {},
  "id": 1,
  "auth": null

Make sure to include the API username and password in the request headers.

  1. Write automation scripts: Using your preferred programming language, write scripts that interact with the Zabbix API. You can perform actions like creating and deleting hosts, updating item values, creating triggers, and more. The Zabbix API documentation provides a comprehensive list of available methods and their parameters.
  2. Integrate with DigitalOcean: To automate tasks related to DigitalOcean infrastructure, you can combine the Zabbix API with the DigitalOcean API. For example, you can create hosts in Zabbix automatically when a new droplet is created on DigitalOcean, or update hosts' network monitoring settings based on changes in DigitalOcean droplets or load balancers.

By leveraging the Zabbix API for automation on DigitalOcean, you can streamline monitoring and management processes, saving time and effort.

What is the default database name and username for Zabbix server installation?

The default database name for Zabbix server installation is "zabbix" and the default username is "zabbix".

What is the purpose of user groups in Zabbix server?

The purpose of user groups in Zabbix server is to allow for managing and organizing users with common permissions and access rights. By grouping users together, it becomes easier to assign permissions, define user roles, and control access to various monitoring and management functionalities in the Zabbix server.

User groups help in implementing security and access control measures by enabling administrators to grant or restrict access to specific hosts, templates, triggers, and other elements within the Zabbix environment. By assigning users to specific groups, administrators can define what actions each user or group of users can perform, ensuring that only authorized individuals can access and modify sensitive configurations and settings.

User groups also facilitate easier management of user accounts and permissions by allowing administrators to apply changes or settings at the group level instead of individually for each user, saving time and reducing administrative effort. Moreover, user groups aid in maintaining a structured and organized user management system, enhancing overall efficiency and control within the Zabbix server.

How to install MySQL/MariaDB for Zabbix server on DigitalOcean?

To install MySQL/MariaDB for Zabbix server on DigitalOcean, you can follow these steps:

  1. Create a DigitalOcean droplet: Log in to your DigitalOcean account and click on "Create" to create a new droplet. Choose a droplet size based on your requirements and select the appropriate region. Under "Select Image", choose a suitable Linux distribution such as Ubuntu, CentOS, or Debian. Click on "Create Droplet" to create the virtual machine.
  2. SSH into your droplet: Once the droplet is created, you will receive an email with the login credentials. Use a terminal or SSH client to connect to your droplet using the provided IP address and username/password.
  3. Install MySQL/MariaDB: For Ubuntu/Debian distributions: Update the package list by running the command: sudo apt update Install MySQL/MariaDB by running the command: sudo apt install mysql-server -y For CentOS/RHEL distributions: Update the package list by running the command: sudo yum update Install MySQL/MariaDB by running the command: sudo yum install mysql-server -y
  4. Secure your MySQL/MariaDB installation: Run the following command to secure the MySQL/MariaDB installation: sudo mysql_secure_installation Follow the prompts and set a strong password for the MySQL root user.
  5. Configure MySQL/MariaDB for Zabbix: Open the MySQL/MariaDB configuration file: sudo nano /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf Find the line starting with bind-address and change it to: bind-address = This allows remote connections to the MySQL/MariaDB server. Save and exit the file by pressing Ctrl+X, then Y, and finally Enter. Restart the MySQL/MariaDB service by running the command: sudo systemctl restart mysql
  6. Create a new database and user: Log in to the MySQL/MariaDB server as the root user: sudo mysql -u root -p Enter the password you set during the installation. Create a new database for Zabbix: CREATE DATABASE zabbixdb character set UTF8 collate utf8_bin; Create a new user and grant all privileges to the Zabbix database: GRANT ALL ON zabbixdb.* TO 'zabbixuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; Replace 'password' with a strong password for the Zabbix user. Flush the privileges to apply the changes: FLUSH PRIVILEGES; Exit the MySQL/MariaDB prompt: EXIT;
  7. Install Zabbix server and frontend: Follow the official Zabbix documentation to install Zabbix server and frontend on your specific operating system: Ubuntu CentOS Debian
  8. During the Zabbix installation, provide the MySQL/MariaDB details you configured: MySQL/MariaDB server: localhost MySQL/MariaDB database: zabbixdb MySQL/MariaDB user: zabbixuser MySQL/MariaDB password: the password you set for the Zabbix user
  9. Complete the Zabbix installation and configuration as per the official documentation.

After completing these steps, you should have MySQL/MariaDB installed and configured for your Zabbix server on DigitalOcean.

How to configure Slack notifications in Zabbix server on DigitalOcean?

To configure Slack notifications in Zabbix server on DigitalOcean, follow these steps:

  1. Create a new Slack App: Go to and click on "Create New App". Provide a name for your app and select the workspace where you want the notifications to be sent. Click on "Create App".
  2. Configure Incoming Webhooks: In the left sidebar, under "Add features and functionality", click on "Incoming Webhooks". Enable Incoming Webhooks by toggling the switch to "On". Scroll down and click on "Add New Webhook to Workspace". Select a channel where you want the notifications to be sent and click on "Allow". Copy the webhook URL provided.
  3. Configure Zabbix Media Type: Log in to your Zabbix web interface and go to "Administration" -> "Media types". Click on "Create media type". Provide a name for the media type, e.g., "Slack". Select "Script" as the type. In the "Script name" field, enter the path to the script "" or "". In the "Script parameters" field, enter the following: {ALERT.SENDTO} {ALERT.MESSAGE} {ALERT.SUBJECT} Click on "Add" and then "Save".
  4. Configure Zabbix User: Go to "Administration" -> "Users". Select the user for which you want to configure Slack notifications or create a new user. Go to the "Media" tab and click on "Add". Select "Slack" as the type and enter the Slack User/Channel in the "Send to" field. Click on "Add" and then "Save".
  5. Assign Slack Media Type to Actions: Go to "Configuration" -> "Actions". Select the action for which you want to configure Slack notifications or create a new action. In the "Operations" tab, click on "New". Select the "Slack" media type. In the "Send to Users" field, select the user to whom you want to send the notifications. Click on "Add" and then "Save".
  6. Test the Configuration: Create a test trigger or event to generate a notification. Check if the notification is sent to Slack successfully.

That's it! You have now configured Slack notifications in Zabbix server on DigitalOcean. You can repeat these steps to configure notifications for different events or actions as required.

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