Where Can I Deploy Laravel?

12 minutes read

Laravel, being a popular and robust framework for web application development, can be deployed on a variety of hosting options. Here are some common platforms where you can deploy Laravel:

  1. Shared Hosting: Laravel can be deployed on shared hosting providers that support PHP and offer MySQL database support. While shared hosting is a cost-effective option, it may have limitations in terms of scalability and performance.
  2. Virtual Private Server (VPS): With a VPS, you have dedicated server resources allocated to your application. This provides more control and flexibility in terms of configuration, allowing for better performance and scalability.
  3. Dedicated Server: A dedicated server provides you with an entire physical server solely for your application. This option offers the highest level of control and customization, ideal for high-traffic websites or applications with specific requirements.
  4. Cloud Hosting: Services like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud Platform (GCP), and Microsoft Azure offer cloud computing capabilities where you can deploy Laravel on virtual machines or containers. Cloud hosting provides scalability and flexibility to handle varying traffic loads.
  5. Platform as a Service (PaaS): PaaS providers like Heroku, Forge, or Platform.sh offer managed Laravel hosting. These platforms handle infrastructure management, scaling, and deployment, allowing you to focus on your application's development.
  6. Docker: Laravel can be containerized using Docker, which allows you to package your application, including all dependencies, into portable containers. These containers can be deployed on any system that supports Docker.

It's important to consider factors such as cost, scalability, performance, deployment complexity, and your specific project requirements when choosing a deployment option for Laravel.

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What is the difference between deploying Laravel on shared hosting and a VPS?

Deploying Laravel on shared hosting and a VPS (Virtual Private Server) differ in terms of resources, control, and flexibility.

  1. Resources: Shared Hosting: In shared hosting, resources such as CPU, RAM, and disk space are shared among multiple users. This means that the server's performance and resource availability depend on the usage of other websites on the same server. VPS: In a VPS, you have dedicated resources allocated to your virtual server. You have guaranteed amounts of CPU, RAM, and disk space, which can result in better performance and reliability.
  2. Control: Shared Hosting: With shared hosting, you have limited control over server configurations and settings. The hosting provider manages most aspects of the server, including software installations and security updates. VPS: On a VPS, you have full root access and control over the server. You can install and configure any software, adjust server settings, and customize the environment to your specific requirements.
  3. Flexibility: Shared Hosting: Shared hosting plans usually come with pre-installed software and limited customization options. You may have limitations on installing specific libraries or extensions required by your Laravel application. VPS: VPS offers greater flexibility as you can install any required software and configure the server environment according to your application's needs. You can also scale up or down resources based on the traffic and requirements of your application.
  4. Security and Isolation: Shared Hosting: In shared hosting, the security of other websites can affect yours. If one website is compromised, it may potentially impact other websites on the same server. VPS: VPS provides better security and isolation as your server is partitioned from others. Security breaches in other VPS instances on the same physical server won't impact your environment directly.

Overall, deploying Laravel on a VPS offers more control, resources, flexibility, and better security compared to shared hosting. However, shared hosting can be a cost-effective option for small-scale applications with low traffic and resource requirements.

How to deploy Laravel on a dedicated server?

To deploy Laravel on a dedicated server, you will need to follow these steps:

Step 1: Set up a dedicated server

  • Purchase a dedicated server from a hosting provider or set up your own server if you have the necessary infrastructure.
  • Install a suitable operating system (such as Ubuntu or CentOS) on the server.

Step 2: Install necessary dependencies

  • Install PHP on the server along with required extensions. Laravel requires PHP version 7.2 or higher.
  • Install a database server (such as MySQL or PostgreSQL) and configure it.

Step 3: Set up your server configuration

  • Configure your web server (such as Apache or Nginx) to work with PHP.
  • Set up virtual hosts or server blocks to point to your Laravel project's public directory.

Step 4: Clone your Laravel project

  • Clone your Laravel project from your Git repository or transfer the project files to the server using any method (such as FTP or SCP).

Step 5: Configure your Laravel project

  • Copy the ".env.example" file in the root of your Laravel project and rename it to ".env".
  • Update the "APP_ENV", "APP_DEBUG", "DB_*", and other relevant variables in the ".env" file to match your server settings.

Step 6: Install composer dependencies

  • Install composer on your server if not already installed.
  • Navigate to your project's root directory and run the command "composer install" to install the required dependencies.

Step 7: Generate application key

  • Run the command "php artisan key:generate" in the project's root directory to generate a new application key.

Step 8: Set appropriate file permissions

  • Set appropriate read and write permissions for directories such as "storage" and "bootstrap/cache" to allow Laravel to write files.

Step 9: Run database migrations and seeders (if applicable)

  • If your project uses a database, run the necessary migrations and seeders to create and populate the database tables. Use the command "php artisan migrate" and "php artisan db:seed" accordingly.

Step 10: Test your Laravel application

  • Visit your server's IP address or configure a DNS entry to access your Laravel application in a web browser.
  • Ensure that your application is functioning correctly by checking that routes, views, and database functionalities are working as expected.

That's it! Your Laravel application should now be successfully deployed on your dedicated server.

What is the recommended server configuration for deploying Laravel?

The recommended server configuration for deploying Laravel depends on the specific requirements and traffic expected for your application. However, here are some key components to consider:

  1. Web Server: Laravel can be deployed on various web servers, but Apache or Nginx are commonly used. Both have good performance and are well-supported.
  2. PHP: Laravel runs on PHP, so you need to ensure that your server has PHP installed. It is recommended to use PHP 7.x or above for better performance and security.
  3. Database: Laravel supports multiple databases, including MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and SQL Server. Choose a database server that best fits your needs and make sure it is installed and properly configured.
  4. Caching: Laravel provides support for various caching systems such as Redis and Memcached. Caching can greatly improve the performance of your application, so consider setting up a cache server.
  5. SSL/TLS: If your application deals with sensitive data or requires secure communication, it is recommended to use SSL/TLS certificates. This ensures secure communication between the server and clients.
  6. Dependency Management: Use Composer, a PHP dependency manager, to install and manage dependencies required by your Laravel application. Ensure that Composer is installed on the server.
  7. Queues and Task Scheduling: Laravel supports task scheduling and job queues. To utilize these features, you might need to set up a lightweight message queue system like Redis or Beanstalkd.
  8. File System: Depending on your application's needs, consider configuring a file storage system to store files uploaded by users. Laravel supports various filesystem drivers, including local storage, S3, and Google Cloud Storage.
  9. Load Balancing: If you are anticipating high traffic, consider setting up load balancing to distribute the traffic across multiple servers. This helps improve performance, scalability, and availability.
  10. Monitoring and Logging: Implement proper monitoring and logging solutions to identify and resolve issues with your application. Tools like New Relic, Datadog, or ELK stack (Elasticsearch, Logstash, and Kibana) can be useful in this regard.

Remember to follow best practices for security, such as keeping your server software up to date, configuring firewalls, and implementing strong passwords.

What is the process of deploying Laravel on a Google Cloud VM instance?

To deploy Laravel on a Google Cloud VM instance, you can follow these steps:

  1. Provision a VM: Create a new VM instance on Google Cloud Platform. Go to the Compute Engine section in the Google Cloud Console, and click on "Create Instance". Configure the instance as per your requirements, including the operating system (usually Ubuntu is preferred for Laravel).
  2. Connect to the VM: After the instance is created, you need to connect to it to perform further steps. You can either use the SSH button in the Cloud Console, or you can use a SSH client like ssh command in the terminal or tools like PuTTY (for Windows).
  3. Install Dependencies: Update the packages on the VM by running the following commands one by one:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Install necessary dependencies:

sudo apt-get install apache2
sudo apt-get install mysql-server
sudo apt-get install php libapache2-mod-php php-mysql
sudo apt-get install composer

  1. Clone your Laravel project: In the VM instance, navigate to the /var/www directory using the command cd /var/www. Then clone your Laravel project repository using the git clone command or by transferring the files from your local machine to the VM.
  2. Set file permissions: Set the appropriate file permissions for the Laravel project directory. Use the following commands:
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/your-laravel-project
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/your-laravel-project
cd /var/www/your-laravel-project
composer install

  1. Configure Apache: Set up an Apache virtual host configuration to serve your Laravel project. Create a new Apache configuration file using the following command:
sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/your-laravel-project.conf

Add the following configuration to the file (replace your-laravel-project with your actual project name):

<VirtualHost *:80>
   ServerName your-laravel-project.tld
   ServerAlias www.your-laravel-project.tld
   DocumentRoot /var/www/your-laravel-project/public
   <Directory /var/www/your-laravel-project/public>
      AllowOverride All

Save and exit the file (Ctrl + X, then press Y and Enter).

  1. Enable the Apache configuration: Enable the Apache configuration file you created and disable the default configuration:
sudo a2ensite your-laravel-project.conf
sudo a2dissite 000-default.conf
sudo systemctl restart apache2

  1. Configure Database: Create a MySQL database and user for your Laravel project. Connect to MySQL using the command sudo mysql. Then create a database and a user, and grant necessary privileges to the user:
CREATE DATABASE your_database_name;
CREATE USER 'your_username'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your_password';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON your_database_name.* TO 'your_username'@'localhost';

  1. Configure Laravel: Rename the .env.example file in your Laravel project root directory to .env and update the database configuration values such as database name, username, and password:
cd /var/www/your-laravel-project
mv .env.example .env
nano .env

Save and exit the file.

  1. Generate Application Key: Generate the Laravel application key using the following command:
php artisan key:generate

  1. Set Up Firewall: Configure the firewall to allow HTTP traffic by running the following commands:
sudo ufw allow in "Apache Full"
sudo ufw enable

  1. Access the Application: Now, you should be able to access your Laravel application by visiting the VM's external IP address or domain name in a web browser.

These steps should help you deploy Laravel on a Google Cloud VM instance. Remember to modify the instructions according to your specific project and requirements.

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